3. Establishment and Consolidation of Power: 1933-1938
Reichstag Fire, Enabling Act, Night of the Long Knives, Gleichschaltung, Propaganda, Repression, Opposition, Was Hitler a Powerful Leader, Nature of the Third Reich.
Lesson 1: How did Hitler consolidate power?
Gleichschaltung, Reichstag Fire, Law for the Protection of People and State, March 1933 Elections, Enabling Act, The Concordat, Law against the establishment of parties, Law for restoration of professional civil service, Trade unions dissolved, German Labour Front (DAF), Law for the reconstruction of the State, Night of the Long Knives, Death of Hindenburg.
Lesson 2: How was censorship and propaganda used to exert control in Nazi Germany?
Censorship, Propaganda, Joseph Goebbels, Radio, Cinema, Press, Photographs, Posters, Meetings and Rallies, Sport, Autobahns, Universities, Literature, Music, Paintings, Sculpture, Architecture.
Lesson 3: How was repression used to exert control in Nazi Germany?
SA, SS, Gestapo, Kripo, Orpo, RHSA, SD, Sipo, Heinrich Himmler, Heydrich, Waffen-SS, Death's Head Formations, Informers, Forms of Repression: Murder, Beatings, Execution, Press Censorship, Dismissal from Job, Arrest, Concentration Camps, Sterilisation, Warnings, Intimidation, Prison.
Lesson 4: Was there any organised opposition to Nazi rule?
Swing Movement, Edelweiss Pirates, SPD in Exile, Berlin Red Patrol, Hanover Socialist Front, Red Orchestra, Bishop Galen, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Kreisau Circle, July Bomb Plot 1944, White Rose Group.
Lesson 5: Review - Why was Hitler able to consolidate his position in power?
National Revolution, Legal Revolution, Methods to Consolidate Power: Use of Law, Concessions, Air of Respectability, Wide Appeal, Propaganda, Gleichschaltung, Terror, Intimidation. Lack of Opposition: Opportunism, Dazzled, Sympathy for Change, Blindness, Respect for Legality, Victims Unpopular, Divided, Weak, Underestimation.
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